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Malayan tiger

January 01, 2018

Malayan tiger

Picture: By Greg Hume - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=28543798

The Malayan tiger population is in Peninsular Malaysia. This population inhabits the southern and central parts of the Malay Peninsula, and has been classified as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List in 2015. The population was roughly estimated at 250 to 340 adult individuals in 2013, likely comprise less than 200 mature breeding individuals and has a declining trend.


Malayan tigers appear to be smaller than Indian ones.

The average length of a male: is 8 ft 6 in (259 cm), and of a female 7 ft 10 in (239 cm).

Body length: 70 to 103 in (180 to 260 cm)

Height ranged: 23 to 41 in (58 to 104 cm)

Body weigh: 52 to 195 lb (24 to 88 kg).


Distribution and habitat

The geographic division between Malayan and Indochinese tigers is unclear as tiger populations in northern Malaysia are contiguous with those in southern Thailand. In Singaporetigers were extirpated in the 1950s, and the last one shot in 1932.

Between 1991 and 2003, tiger signs were reported from early-succession vegetation fields, agricultural areas outside forests in Kelantan, Terengganu, Pahang, and Johor, and many riparian habitats outside forests in Pahang.

Most of the major rivers that drain into the South China Sea had some evidence of tigers.

Ecology and behavior

Malayan tigers prey on sambar deer, barking deer, wild boar, Bornean bearded pigs, and serow. Malayan tigers also prey on sun bears, young elephants, and rhino calves.


Habitat fragmentation due to development projects and agriculture are serious threats.

Commercial poaching occurs at varying levels in all tiger range states. In Malaysia there is a substantial domestic market in recent years for tiger meat and manufactured tiger bone medicines.


Tigers are included on CITES Appendix I, banning international trade. All tiger range states and countries with consumer markets have banned domestic trade as well.

In 2007, consarvation organization implemented a hotline to report tiger-related crimes, such as poaching. 


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